前言

Github:https://github.com/HealerJean

博客:http://blog.healerjean.com

为了保护用户隐私,我们需要对数据库用户关键数据,入库加密,取出来解密。为了我们系统自身的安全数据库连接用户名和密码都要加解密

1、数据库连接加解密

1.1、数据库连接配置

####################################
### DB
####################################
#durid
spring.datasource.type=com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
spring.datasource.druid.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.druid.initialSize=5
spring.datasource.druid.minIdle=5
spring.datasource.druid.maxActive=20
spring.datasource.druid.maxWait=60000
spring.datasource.druid.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis=60000
spring.datasource.druid.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis=300000
spring.datasource.druid.validationQuery=SELECT 1 FROM DUAL
spring.datasource.druid.testWhileIdle=true
spring.datasource.druid.testOnBorrow=false
spring.datasource.druid.testOnReturn=false



#####################################
#### DB
####################################
spring.datasource.druid.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/hlj_demo?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&autoReconnect=true
spring.datasource.druid.username=GCBeAUOZNANpmXfIUPO42qx/dQP80Lae3BI7ABxQN2AzWhgQAG+S6Dhe
spring.datasource.druid.password=GCAfE1p20be+BX5TZsVlFe1/T1bQ+f2IhnjqOQKe7CJT7xgQ8YOQrf7U
####################################



#是否需要数据连接加密
spring.datasource.encrypt=true

1.2、Java数据库连接

package com.fintech.confin.web.config;

import com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource;
import com.fintech.confin.sensitivity.KeycenterUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

/**
 * @author HealerJean
 * @ClassName DateSourceConfig
 * @date 2020/4/9  10:43.
 * @Description
 */
@Configuration
public class DateSourceConfig {
	
	
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.driver-class-name}")
	private String driverClassName;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.url}")
	private String dbUrl;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.username}")
	private String username;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.password}")
	private String password;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.initialSize}")
	private int initialSize;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.minIdle}")
	private int minIdle;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.maxActive}")
	private int maxActive;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.maxWait}")
	private int maxWait;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis}")
	private int timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis}")
	private int minEvictableIdleTimeMillis;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.validationQuery}")
	private String validationQuery;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.testWhileIdle}")
	private boolean testWhileIdle;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.testOnBorrow}")
	private boolean testOnBorrow;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.druid.testOnReturn}")
	private boolean testOnReturn;
	@Value("${spring.datasource.encrypt}")
	private boolean encrypt;
	
	@Bean(name = "dataSource")
	public DataSource dataSource(KeycenterUtils keycenterUtils) {
		DruidDataSource datasource = new DruidDataSource();
		datasource.setDriverClassName(driverClassName);
		datasource.setUrl(dbUrl);
		if (encrypt) {
			datasource.setUsername(keycenterUtils.decrypt(username));
			datasource.setPassword(keycenterUtils.decrypt(password));
		} else {
			datasource.setUsername(username);
			datasource.setPassword(password);
		}
		datasource.setInitialSize(initialSize);
		datasource.setMinIdle(minIdle);
		datasource.setMaxActive(maxActive);
		datasource.setMaxWait(maxWait);
		datasource.setTimeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis(timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis);
		datasource.setMinEvictableIdleTimeMillis(minEvictableIdleTimeMillis);
		datasource.setValidationQuery(validationQuery);
		datasource.setTestWhileIdle(testWhileIdle);
		datasource.setTestOnBorrow(testOnBorrow);
		datasource.setTestOnReturn(testOnReturn);
		return datasource;
	}
	
}

2、数据库字段加解密

2.1、KeyCenterUtils:加解密工具类

package com.healerjean.proj.config.keycenter.one;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.Base64;

/**
 * @author HealerJean
 * @ClassName AES
 * @date 2020/4/9  14:28.
 * @Description
 */
@Service
public class KeyCenterUtils {

    /**
     * 自己写加密逻辑
     */
    public  String encrypt(String src) {
        try {
            String result = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(src.getBytes("UTF-8"));
            return result;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("encrypt fail!", e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 自己写解密逻辑
     */
    public  String decrypt(String src) {
        try {
            byte[] asBytes = Base64.getDecoder().decode(src);
            String result = new String(asBytes, "UTF-8");
            return result;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("decrypt fail!", e);
        }
    }

}

2.2、CustomTypeHandler数据库字段加解密控制器

package com.healerjean.proj.config.keycenter.one;

/**
 * @author HealerJean
 * @ClassName AESTypeHandler
 * @date 2020/4/9  14:27.
 * @Description
 */

import java.sql.CallableStatement;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.apache.ibatis.type.BaseTypeHandler;
import org.apache.ibatis.type.JdbcType;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class CustomTypeHandler<T> extends BaseTypeHandler<T> {

    @Autowired
    private KeyCenterUtils keyCenterUtils;

    public CustomTypeHandler() {
    }

    @Override
    public void setNonNullParameter(PreparedStatement ps, int i, Object parameter, JdbcType jdbcType) throws SQLException {
        ps.setString(i, this.keyCenterUtils.encrypt((String)parameter));
    }
    @Override
    public T getNullableResult(ResultSet rs, String columnName) throws SQLException {
        String columnValue = rs.getString(columnName);
        //有一些可能是空字符
        return StringUtils.isBlank(columnValue) ? (T)columnValue : (T)this.keyCenterUtils.decrypt(columnValue);
    }

    @Override
    public T getNullableResult(ResultSet rs, int columnIndex) throws SQLException {
        String columnValue = rs.getString(columnIndex);
        return StringUtils.isBlank(columnValue) ? (T)columnValue : (T)this.keyCenterUtils.decrypt(columnValue);
    }

    @Override
    public T getNullableResult(CallableStatement cs, int columnIndex) throws SQLException {
        String columnValue = cs.getString(columnIndex);
        return StringUtils.isBlank(columnValue) ? (T)columnValue : (T)this.keyCenterUtils.decrypt(columnValue);
    }
}


2.3、Handle的使用

2.3.1、数据层实体类注解

package com.healerjean.proj.data.entity;

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.annotation.TableField;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.annotation.TableName;
import com.healerjean.proj.config.keycenter.one.CustomTypeHandler;
import lombok.Data;

import java.util.Date;

@Data
@TableName(autoResultMap = true) //有了这个BaseMapper查询的结果才能解密
public class User {
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    private Integer age;

    //有了这个数据库BaseMapper插入的时候才能加密
    @TableField(typeHandler = CustomTypeHandler.class)
    private String telPhone;

    @TableField(typeHandler = CustomTypeHandler.class)
    private String email;

    private Date createDate;
    private Date createTime;
}

2.3.2、自定义sql查询的配置

如果不是mybatisPlus的 BaseMapper内部的方法,则需要我们自己放入我们自定义的typeHandler

@Results({
    @Result(column = "email", property = "email", typeHandler = CustomTypeHandler.class),
    @Result(column = "tel_phone", property = "telPhone", typeHandler = CustomTypeHandler.class)})
@Select("select * from user where id = #{id}")
List<User> selectDncryptList(Long id);

2.3.3、测试

User中的数据都是正常的 。不是密文。因为我们只讲入库的数据设置了密文。并不会改变User对象本身


@Test
public void encrypt(){
    List<User> users = null ;

    //插入数据
    User user = new User();
    user.setName("name");
    user.setAge(12);
    user.setEmail("healerjean@gmail.com");
    user.setTelPhone("18841256");
    userMapper.insert(user);


    //更新
    user.setEmail("12456@gmail.com");
    userMapper.updateById(user);


    //查询 :列表查询
    users = userMapper.selectList(null);
    System.out.println(users);

    //查询 :根据Id查询
    User user1 = userMapper.selectById(user.getId());
    System.out.println(user1);


    //自定义sql查询
    users  = userMapper.selectDncryptList(user.getId());
    System.out.println(users);


}

2.4、敏感字段查询:(需要精确查询)

因为数据库中是密文,所以查询的时候,需要我们先加密后才能查

// 根据敏感字段查询
Wrapper<User> userWrapper = new QueryWrapper<User>().lambda()
    .select(User::getEmail)
    .eq(User::getEmail, keyCenterUtils.encrypt("healerjean@gmail.com"));

users  = userMapper.selectList(userWrapper);
System.out.println(users);

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